# Absolute ValueDefinition, How to Calculate Absolute Value, Examples

A lot of people comprehend absolute value as the distance from zero to a number line. And that's not inaccurate, but it's not the complete story.

In math, an absolute value is the extent of a real number without considering its sign. So the absolute value is all the time a positive zero or number (0). Let's look at what absolute value is, how to calculate absolute value, few examples of absolute value, and the absolute value derivative.

## Definition of Absolute Value?

An absolute value of a number is constantly positive or zero (0). It is the extent of a real number without regard to its sign. This signifies if you hold a negative number, the absolute value of that number is the number disregarding the negative sign.

### Meaning of Absolute Value

The prior definition means that the absolute value is the length of a number from zero on a number line. Hence, if you think about it, the absolute value is the distance or length a number has from zero. You can see it if you look at a real number line:

As you can see, the absolute value of a figure is how far away the number is from zero on the number line. The absolute value of negative five is 5 reason being it is five units away from zero on the number line.

### Examples

If we plot -3 on a line, we can watch that it is 3 units apart from zero:

The absolute value of negative three is three.

Well then, let's check out more absolute value example. Let's say we posses an absolute value of sin. We can graph this on a number line as well:

The absolute value of 6 is 6. Therefore, what does this mean? It shows us that absolute value is always positive, regardless if the number itself is negative.

## How to Calculate the Absolute Value of a Number or Figure

You need to know a handful of points before working on how to do it. A couple of closely linked properties will assist you comprehend how the expression within the absolute value symbol works. Fortunately, here we have an explanation of the following 4 rudimental properties of absolute value.

### Fundamental Properties of Absolute Values

Non-negativity: The absolute value of all real number is always positive or zero (0).

Identity: The absolute value of a positive number is the number itself. Instead, the absolute value of a negative number is the non-negative value of that same figure.

Addition: The absolute value of a total is less than or equal to the sum of absolute values.

Multiplication: The absolute value of a product is equal to the product of absolute values.

With above-mentioned four basic characteristics in mind, let's take a look at two more useful properties of the absolute value:

Positive definiteness: The absolute value of any real number is constantly zero (0) or positive.

Triangle inequality: The absolute value of the variance between two real numbers is less than or equivalent to the absolute value of the sum of their absolute values.

Taking into account that we learned these characteristics, we can ultimately begin learning how to do it!

### Steps to Discover the Absolute Value of a Expression

You are required to obey a couple of steps to find the absolute value. These steps are:

Step 1: Jot down the figure of whom’s absolute value you desire to calculate.

Step 2: If the number is negative, multiply it by -1. This will make the number positive.

Step3: If the expression is positive, do not convert it.

Step 4: Apply all characteristics significant to the absolute value equations.

Step 5: The absolute value of the expression is the expression you have subsequently steps 2, 3 or 4.

Keep in mind that the absolute value symbol is two vertical bars on either side of a figure or number, similar to this: |x|.

### Example 1

To set out, let's consider an absolute value equation, like |x + 5| = 20. As we can observe, there are two real numbers and a variable inside. To figure this out, we need to calculate the absolute value of the two numbers in the inequality. We can do this by observing the steps above:

Step 1: We are provided with the equation |x+5| = 20, and we must discover the absolute value within the equation to get x.

Step 2: By using the fundamental properties, we know that the absolute value of the addition of these two numbers is as same as the sum of each absolute value: |x|+|5| = 20

Step 3: The absolute value of 5 is 5, and the x is unidentified, so let's get rid of the vertical bars: x+5 = 20

Step 4: Let's calculate for x: x = 20-5, x = 15

As we can observe, x equals 15, so its distance from zero will also be as same as 15, and the equation above is genuine.

### Example 2

Now let's check out another absolute value example. We'll use the absolute value function to get a new equation, like |x*3| = 6. To do this, we again need to observe the steps:

Step 1: We use the equation |x*3| = 6.

Step 2: We are required to solve for x, so we'll begin by dividing 3 from both side of the equation. This step offers us |x| = 2.

Step 3: |x| = 2 has two possible results: x = 2 and x = -2.

Step 4: Hence, the original equation |x*3| = 6 also has two possible answers, x=2 and x=-2.

Absolute value can involve several complex expressions or rational numbers in mathematical settings; however, that is a story for another day.

## The Derivative of Absolute Value Functions

The absolute value is a continuous function, meaning it is varied everywhere. The ensuing formula offers the derivative of the absolute value function:

f'(x)=|x|/x

For absolute value functions, the area is all real numbers except 0, and the distance is all positive real numbers. The absolute value function rises for all x<0 and all x>0. The absolute value function is consistent at 0, so the derivative of the absolute value at 0 is 0.

The absolute value function is not differentiable at 0 reason being the left-hand limit and the right-hand limit are not uniform. The left-hand limit is stated as:

I'm →0−(|x|/x)

The right-hand limit is given by:

I'm →0+(|x|/x)

Since the left-hand limit is negative and the right-hand limit is positive, the absolute value function is not distinctable at 0.

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